Keeping your hands clean is one of the most important steps we can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs.

How hand washing helps to prevent the spread of infections and diseases:

Hand washing with soap removes germs from the hands. A number of infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another by an infected hand. People touch their eyes, nose and mouth without even realizing it. Germs can get into the body through the eyes, noses and mouth and make us sick.

These diseases include gastrointestinal infections such as salmonellosis and respiratory infections such as influenza colds and corona virus (COVID-19). Washing your hands properly with soap and water can help prevent the spread of the germs (like bacteria and viruses) that causes these diseases.


Teaching people about hand washing helps them and their communities stay healthy. Hand washing education in the community reduces the number of people who gets infected.

When to wash your hands


  • After changing diapers.
  • After using the toilet.
  • Before, during and after preparing food.
  • Between handling raw and cooked or ready-to-eat food.
  • Before eating.
  • After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
  • After using a tissue or handkerchief.
  • Before and after attending to sick children or other family members.
  • After smoking.
  • After handling animals.
  • When you get home, arrive at other people’s homes, at venues and at work.

       Teach your kids how to wash their hands:



Not washing hands harms children around the world. About 1.8 million children under
the age of 5 die each year from diarrheal diseases and pneumonia.


Hand washing with soap could protect about 1 out of every 3 young children who get
diarrhea and almost 1 out of 5 young children with respiratory infections like pneumonia.

       How to wash your hands:

  • Use a running water: using a running water is better because the basin could be contaminated, so it’s advisable to use a running water.
  • Use soap and water: washing hands with soap and water will remove the germs than washing hands washing hands with water alone.
  • Liquid soap is best: generally, it is better to use liquid soap than bar soap, particularly at work. However, bar soap is better than no soap.
  • Anti-bacterial soap does not add an advantage: anti-bacterial soap is unnecessary and does not offer an advantage over regular soap.
  • Soap and water is better than hand sanitizer.

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