Cervical cancer is a disease in which cancer cells arise in the cervix, which connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer is among a number of cancers that can be caused by infections with pathogens – bacteria, viruses, and parasites.

Increasing screening and prevention are key components of the effort to eradicate cervical cancer. Since almost all cases of the disease are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, vaccines that protect against the virus could prevent the vast majority of cases.

Visual inspection with acetic acid is a naked-eye examination of the uterine cervix, after the application of 5% acetic acid and interpreting the result after one minute. This is a simple and inexpensive test for the detection of cervical precancerous lesions and early invasive cancer. The results of the VIA test are immediately available and do not require any laboratory support.