The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) continues to increase globally especially in developing countries, with different risk factors contributing to the surge. This is a result of rapid urbanization and the westernization of lifestyle and dietary habits. Low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) are likely to suffer a greater burden of these diseases compared to the developed nations because of their limited healthcare financing for NCDs, and their relatively weak and unprepared health systems for these diseases.

For many years, public health policies in Nigeria have focused on the control of infectious diseases, with an attendant dearth of necessary data for policy decisions on NCDs. There is a need to pay attention to NCDs in Nigerian communities because these health challenges contribute to economic losses, household poverty, and a reduction in productivity.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), like cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, represent the primary cause of mortality worldwide. NCDs may be chronic or acute. A non-communicable disease is a noninfectious health condition that cannot be spread from person to person. It also lasts for a long period. This is also known as a chronic disease. Noncommunicable diseases affect people belonging to all age groups, religions, and countries.

A combination of genetic, physiological, lifestyle and environmental factors can cause these diseases. Some risk factors include:
• unhealthy diets
• lack of physical activity
• smoking and secondhand smoke
• excessive use of alcohol

Non-Communicable Diseases Include:

1. Parkinson’s disease
2. Most Cancers
3. Asthma
4. Autoimmune diseases
5. Cataracts
6. Strokes
7. Osteoarthritis
8. Osteoporosis
9. Chronic kidney disease
10. Chronic lung disease
11. Diabetes
12. Fibromyalgia
13. Most heart diseases
14. Hypertension
15. Alzheimer’s disease and others.


The main preventable risk factors of NCDs include tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. These risk factors track from childhood to adulthood; it is well documented that healthy lifestyles play an important role in the primordial and primary prevention of NCDs. Always go for routine checks, exercise regularly, avoid a sedentary lifestyle, eat healthily and vaccinate yourself.

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